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By now, many of you have seen the breaking news story: Associated Press, "All survive plane crash in NYC's Hudson River," 1/15/09. Synopsis: US Airways Airbus A320 airliner, scant minutes after take-off, collided with a flock of birds. Both engines failed -- only a couple of hundred feet above the Hudson River, during a nasty Arctic cold snap, with the water temperature down around 20°F (roughly -5°C).

During takeoff is just about the worst possible time to lose both engines. The plane isn't going that much faster than stall speed. If it slows down below stall speed, it tips over, falls out of the sky and everybody dies. With no engines, the only way to speed it up is to dive; pull out of that dive too late and you auger in nose first and everybody dies. Hit the water at flight speed and the plane breaks up, everybody dies. The only way to slow down effectively at the last minute is to pull up sharply on the stick; tail hits first while the nose is too high, plane pancakes and breaks apart, everybody dies. But according to witnesses, the pilot actually managed to keep it right on the ragged edge of stall speed and brought it down nice, even, level and intact in the Hudson River. There's an old test-pilot bit of swagger that says, "Paint stripes on a brick and I can fly it;" what the pilot of that plane just did isn't a whole lot different from that boast. You will never see it done any better than that.

Of course, once down, it promptly sank to the windows, submerging all or part of all but the front doors. In, as I said, 20°F water. And yet, before it sank, a swarm of Coast Guard boats and ferries got to it in time to open the doors, and the air crew managed to get everybody out so fast that the last of them cleared the door before the plane sank, and they did all of this without overloading and swamping any of the small craft that were evacuating the passengers. No visible sign of panic from anybody, just everybody doing what they needed to do. Including passengers who probably couldn't deplane that smoothly and quickly on a pleasant spring day on nice flat tarmac. There are so many things that could have gone wrong, so many people who could have screwed this up for everyone if they'd done anything wrong, that I get chills thinking about it.

That? That right there? Is what we call a really good day's work. Everybody gets to go home pretty satisfied with their work today.

Comments

( 36 comments — Leave a comment )
vee_ecks
Jan. 15th, 2009 10:50 pm (UTC)
This adds new bitter amusement to Bush's whine at his last press conference the other day about "I dunno what I could have done differently in New Orleans....I guess I coulda landed the plane."
bradhicks
Jan. 15th, 2009 11:00 pm (UTC)
And so much of went wrong in New Orleans was because of fear. FDR wasn't exaggerating much when he said, "The only thing we have to fear, is fear, itself." If somebody, anybody (or worse everybody) screams, "Oh my god, we're all gonna die!," odds are, we're all gonna die. If, on the other hand, everybody says, "Well, this is gonna turn out to have been an interesting day at work. Better pay attention, get this one right"? Then they pretty much can be counted on to get it right.

It always amazes me just what human beings are capable of doing when they don't freeze up, freak out, or panic.
(no subject) - vee_ecks - Jan. 15th, 2009 11:02 pm (UTC) - Expand
ex_purpleca
Jan. 15th, 2009 11:02 pm (UTC)
I'm reminded of the Gimli Glider for some reason. :3
skull_bearer
Jan. 15th, 2009 11:25 pm (UTC)
Reminds me of the Jakarta Incident: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jakarta_incident
(no subject) - radven - Jan. 16th, 2009 08:28 am (UTC) - Expand
justjohn
Jan. 15th, 2009 11:07 pm (UTC)
As my father used to say, "Just like New York!"
... which was a bit odd, considering most of the times he said that, we were actually IN New York.

But yup, if those geese are going to renew their War On Humanity, they're going to have to find some place less on the ball to do it!
ubiquitous_a
Jan. 15th, 2009 11:10 pm (UTC)
Sully the Pilot!
CNN is reporting that they believe the pilot's name is Chelsey B. "Sully" Sullenberber, III. He's a former Air Force pilot, and has over 40 years of flying experience. Here's a couple of links on him:

http://safetyreliability.com/about_us
http://www.linkedin.com/pub/5/209/118

Btw, I'm willing to bet that he'll be making the rounds of TV and cable news shows by Monday at the latest. This is the kind of thing that can drown out all of the Joe the Plumber nonsense. I give you "Sully the Pilot"!

Edited at 2009-01-15 11:11 pm (UTC)
wyldemusick
Jan. 15th, 2009 11:27 pm (UTC)
As I said, this is why you pay attention whenthe cute stewardess does the Emergency Flotation Device dance.

The odd thing for me was that I'd just finished reading an article about how major air travel had been, remarkably, incredibly safe in the past seven years -- since the Airbus crash in NJ in October 2001.

Mind you, I'd still say it's safe, given what this pilot managed to do. I'm also delighted that people were heading out to assist in rescue pretty much instantly.
wiseacre
Jan. 16th, 2009 01:34 am (UTC)
I agree that the crew of this aircraft did an excellent job. However, I think you're either misinformed about the aerodynamics of commercial airliners or being hyperbolic in your statements. Planes take off at speeds well above stall speed. Take-off is a dangerous time. Any manoeuvre increases drag and bleeds off speed. A stall does not result in the plane "tipping over and falling out of the sky." A stall results in the nose dipping and the plane descending. This increases speed to the point where the wings generate lift again. With enough altitude and careful flying even a large airliner can glide a remarkable distance. purplecat has mentioned the Gimli Glider and that's a good example. Slowing down a plane using flaps and spoilers allows, while less dramatic than the massive flare you describe, is routine. This was undoubtedly a dangerous situation but the aircraft and the crew were both designed to deal with it. The real story here, I think, is the way the crew must have kept the tower notified of their situation so that emergency crews could meet them and prepared the passengers and the way they managed the evacuation after the landing.

With any luck this incident might help stamp out some tired old lies we here:

-with modern technology pilots don't really do anything

-there's no such thing as a water landing, you'll just die, so you don't need to pay attention to the safety briefing or read the card

-flight attendants are just waitresses of the sky

daveon
Jan. 16th, 2009 04:56 am (UTC)
And another tired old story... Airbus aircraft are crap and fall apart...
(no subject) - wiseacre - Jan. 16th, 2009 05:12 am (UTC) - Expand
(no subject) - daveon - Jan. 16th, 2009 07:23 pm (UTC) - Expand
gilmoure
Jan. 16th, 2009 02:07 am (UTC)
Ever notice how, when some disaster happens in a 'liberal blue state' location, folks pull together and do what needs doin'? I mean, look at 9/11; civilians just stepped up and helped out with what needed doin while staying out of the way of the rescue folks. Very cool!

And yet, for the last 8 years, we've been told that Americans aren't capable of surviving in the big scary world and have to be herded, suppressed and taken care of by Big Brüdder.
sunfell
Jan. 16th, 2009 02:23 am (UTC)
They have the plane tied to a dock in Lower Manhattan. I can't wait for them to fish it out of the drink and examine it. My father was wondering if they'll fly it again.
galbinus_caeli
Jan. 16th, 2009 02:26 pm (UTC)
Probably not. The stresses of the water landing would have introduced all kinds of fatigue on the airframe.
hick0ry
Jan. 16th, 2009 02:46 am (UTC)
I hate to nitpick, well, I mean, I hesitate before nitpicking here, but (pure) water freezes at 32°F ... best you can hope for is perhaps 22°F in the ocean at depth. The air temperature in this emergency might have been 20°F, but the water was certainly not; else it would have been ice. For once I find no reason to doubt the mass media: "air temperature around 20 degrees and the water 41." One presumes that, rater than being ignorant savages or a tool of The Conspiracy, they were merely catering to a US audience and those figures were in degrees Fahrenheit.
kallisti
Jan. 16th, 2009 04:11 am (UTC)
At STP (Standard Temperature and Presure), water freezes at 32 degrees F, or 0 degrees Celsius. Depending on the impurities in the water, that can range up and down a fair bit. Add to that, water that is in motion will also stay in a liquid state to much lower temperatures.

ttyl
(no subject) - dd_b - Jan. 16th, 2009 02:04 pm (UTC) - Expand
(no subject) - galbinus_caeli - Jan. 16th, 2009 02:27 pm (UTC) - Expand
(no subject) - dd_b - Jan. 16th, 2009 03:44 pm (UTC) - Expand
novacheckers
Jan. 16th, 2009 05:59 am (UTC)
Every pilot learns what to do when the engine(s) quit working suddenly, and it's no weekend seminar to be learned once and promptly forgotten. The sequence of actions is drilled into the pilot at every opportunity. I've never bothered to count the number of times I've practiced an engine-out landing, which entails hastily choosing a nearby field to glide into and coming within a few feet of the ground before nailing the gas (so to speak) and climbing back into the sky. I've practiced this maneuver more than any other, save taking off and landing (and those two have to be done on every flight, of course, hopefully in a 1:1 ratio).

Today's event was one of the things that the pilot had been training, re-training, and re-training again for the duration of his forty-year career. I don't mean to detract from his performance today--it was magnificent--but this is the one kind of accident that every pilot is ready to deal with at any time.

None of this is meant to detract in any way from the immense sense of satisfaction and pride that we can all feel in seeing a group of fellow men and women--flight crew, passengers, ferry-boat pilots, emergency workers, and everyone else who was involved--pull together in a bad situation and all do the right thing for the common good. I could not be more pleased with how well this turned out.
wiseacre
Jan. 16th, 2009 07:04 am (UTC)
...hopefully in a 1:1 ration

Oh, there's always a landing... :)
(no subject) - theprimarydave - Jan. 16th, 2009 04:59 pm (UTC) - Expand
(no subject) - naath - Jan. 16th, 2009 01:14 pm (UTC) - Expand
(no subject) - dd_b - Jan. 16th, 2009 02:09 pm (UTC) - Expand
morgaath
Jan. 16th, 2009 07:05 am (UTC)
Ever since I heard that everyone survived and that everything went text book perfect, I've been waiting to hear the conspiracy theory on it.
Will it be that it was anti environmentalist?
Americans against foreign companies (Airbus)?
Someone trying to hurt the airline industry?
Some other idea that is even crazier?
the_ungoth
Jan. 16th, 2009 02:20 pm (UTC)
It was a suicide squad of Jihadist Geese!
(no subject) - hick0ry - Jan. 16th, 2009 07:59 pm (UTC) - Expand
(no subject) - bradhicks - Jan. 17th, 2009 05:21 am (UTC) - Expand
(no subject) - hick0ry - Jan. 19th, 2009 12:33 am (UTC) - Expand
(no subject) - theprimarydave - Jan. 16th, 2009 05:02 pm (UTC) - Expand
Water landings/crashes with survivors - (Anonymous) - Jan. 17th, 2009 05:05 pm (UTC) - Expand
Previous anon comment was me.. - (Anonymous) - Jan. 17th, 2009 05:15 pm (UTC) - Expand
roninspoon
Jan. 16th, 2009 05:26 pm (UTC)
I remember when Air Florida 90 went into the Potomac. I realize the circumstances were a little different, but this could have been so much worse. That cat is one hell of a pilot. I read that he did two sweeps up the aisle to make sure there weren't any stragglers before exiting the plane after everyone else had evacuated.
bradhicks
Jan. 17th, 2009 05:22 am (UTC)
Yeah, I saw that too. Him and the co-pilot. Because that was part of their job. Heck of a world we live in, isn't it?
( 36 comments — Leave a comment )